Seizures are sudden surges of electrical activity in the brain that can cause changes in behavior, movements, or consciousness.

Seizures can be caused by various factors, including genetics, brain injuries, infections, and underlying medical conditions such as epilepsy. There are many different types of seizures, and they can range in severity from mild to severe. 

Symptoms of seizures may include uncontrolled muscle movements, loss of consciousness, changes in behavior or sensation, and changes in mood or emotion. Seizures can be treated with medications or other medical interventions, depending on the cause and severity of the seizure. 

It is important to seek medical attention if you or someone you know experiences a seizure.


The symptoms of a seizure can vary depending on the type of seizure and the part of the brain that is affected. 

Some common symptoms of seizures may include:

  • Uncontrolled muscle movements: These may include twitching, jerking, or rigidity.
  • Loss of consciousness: The person may lose awareness or become unresponsive.
  • Changes in behavior or sensation: The person may experience changes in their sense of smell, taste, sight, hearing, or touch. They may also exhibit strange behaviors, such as staring blankly, wandering aimlessly, or exhibiting unusual aggression or fear.
  • Changes in mood or emotion: The person may experience sudden changes in their mood or emotional state.

Seizures may also cause other symptoms, such as:

  • Confusion: The person may be disoriented or unable to remember what happened during the seizure.
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control: The person may involuntarily urinate or defecate during a seizure.
  • Difficulty speaking or understanding: The person may have trouble speaking or understanding others during or after a seizure.
  • Fainting: The person may lose consciousness and fall to the ground.

It is important to seek medical attention if you or someone you know experiences a seizure, as seizures can be a sign of a serious medical condition that requires treatment.



Treatment for seizures may involve medications, surgery, or other therapies. The type of treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the seizures and the severity of the symptoms.

Medications are the most common treatment for seizures. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used to prevent seizures or reduce their frequency and severity. AEDs work by stabilizing the electrical activity in the brain. Common AEDs include valproic acid, lamotrigine, and levetiracetam.

In some cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the part of the brain that is causing seizures. This may be an option for people who have seizures that are not well controlled with medications or for those who have structural abnormalities in the brain that are causing seizures.

Other therapies that may be used to treat seizures include dietary changes (such as following a ketogenic diet), vagus nerve stimulation (a treatment that uses a device to stimulate the vagus nerve in the neck), and deep brain stimulation (a treatment that uses a device to stimulate specific areas of the brain).

It is important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment for your specific situation.


If you or someone you know has seizures, it is important to take certain precautions to prevent injuries and ensure safety during a seizure. 

Some general precautions to consider include:

  • Create a safe environment: Remove any objects that could cause injury, such as sharp objects or breakable items. Keep a flashlight or other light source nearby in case of a seizure at night.
  • Wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace: This can help identify the person as someone who has seizures and provide important information to healthcare professionals in an emergency.
  • Plan for emergencies: If you or someone you know has seizures, it is important to have a plan in place in case of a seizure. This may include identifying a designated caregiver or family member who can provide assistance and knowing how to call for help if needed.
  • Stay calm: Seizures can be frightening to witness, but it is important to stay calm and provide a safe environment for the person experiencing the seizure. Do not try to hold the person down or put anything in their mouth during a seizure.
  • Get medical help if needed: If the seizure lasts longer than five minutes or if the person experiences multiple seizures in a row, call for emergency medical assistance.

Can I treat my seizures with medical marijuana in New York?

Medical marijuana is a treatment option for some people with certain medical conditions, including epilepsy, in some states in the United States. In New York, medical marijuana is legal for the treatment of epilepsy and other seizure disorders, as well as a number of other conditions.

To use medical marijuana in New York, you must have an MMJ certification card from a registered healthcare practitioner and be registered with the New York State Department of Health’s Medical Marijuana Program. You must also be a resident of New York.

It is important to note that medical marijuana is not a substitute for traditional seizure treatments, and it should be used in conjunction with other therapies as recommended by a healthcare professional. It is also important to remember that marijuana is still a controlled substance under federal law and is not legal in all states.

It is always important to discuss treatment options with a healthcare professional before starting any new therapy. They can help determine if medical marijuana is an appropriate treatment option for you and provide guidance on how to use it safely and effectively.


Even if your condition is not listed in this article, you might still get the medical marijuana card, provided you are recommended by a registered marijuana physician in New York. However, if you are experiencing any life-threatening medical condition or adverse effects of medical marijuana, you should not hesitate to contact the emergency service.

Note: This article’s content is provided for educational purposes only. This information is not intended to serve as a substitute for professional legal or medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or queries regarding laws, regulations, or your health, you should always consult a lawyer, physician, or other licensed practitioner.