What is Multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS is made up of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. It controls body functions and movement, as well as thought and sensation.

In MS, the immune system mistakenly attacks and damages the myelin sheath, which is a protective coating that surrounds the nerve fibers in the CNS. The damage to the myelin sheath disrupts the normal transmission of nerve impulses, leading to a range of symptoms that can vary in severity and duration.


Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms can be very different from one person to the next and may include:

  • Weakness in the limbs
  • Numbness or tingling in the limbs
  • Difficulty with coordination and balance
  • Blurred vision or loss of vision
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Slurred speech
  • Pain
  • Cognitive changes, such as difficulty with memory and concentration

The severity and type of symptoms can vary widely from person to person, and they may come and go or be persistent. Some people may have mild symptoms that don’t affect their daily lives much, while others may have severe symptoms that make it hard for them to do things they normally do.

MS can also cause other health problems, such as bladder and bowel problems, sexual dysfunction, and depression. It’s important to see a doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, as they can also be caused by other conditions. Only a healthcare professional can accurately diagnose and treat MS.


The cause of MS is not fully understood, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Researchers believe that a combination of genetic predisposition and certain environmental triggers, such as a viral infection or exposure to certain toxins, may contribute to the development of MS.


There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis (MS), but there are a number of treatment options available to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These treatments may include:

  • Medications: There are several medications available to help manage the symptoms of MS and slow the progression of the disease. These may include disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), which help to slow the progression of the disease, and symptom-managing medications, which help to manage specific symptoms such as spasticity or fatigue.
  • Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to improve mobility, strength, and balance, and may also help to reduce fatigue and pain.
  • Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help individuals with MS to manage daily tasks and activities, such as dressing, bathing, and cooking.
  • Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation programs can help individuals with MS to maintain their independence and improve their quality of life. These programs may include speech therapy, cognitive rehabilitation, and rehabilitation for specific functional impairments such as vision or mobility.
  • Complementary and alternative therapies: Some individuals with MS may find relief from symptoms through the use of complementary and alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, massage, or herbal remedies. It is important to speak with a healthcare provider before starting any complementary or alternative therapies.

It is important to work closely with a healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to an individual’s specific needs and goals.


If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), it is important to take certain precautions to help manage your symptoms and reduce your risk of complications. Some precautions to consider may include:

  • Follow your treatment plan: It is important to follow your treatment plan as prescribed by your healthcare provider. This may include taking medications as directed, attending physical therapy appointments, and participating in rehabilitation programs.
  • Get enough rest: Fatigue is a common symptom of MS, and it is important to get enough rest to help manage your energy levels.
  • Eat a healthy diet: A healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to manage symptoms and improve overall health.
  • Stay active: Regular physical activity can help to improve strength, mobility, and overall well-being. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting an exercise program.
  • Use assistive devices: If you have difficulty with mobility, you may benefit from using assistive devices such as a cane, walker, or wheelchair.
  • Protect your skin: People with MS may be more prone to skin irritation, so it is important to protect your skin by applying sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding extreme temperatures.
  • Stay hydrated: Dehydration can worsen symptoms of MS, so it is important to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
  • Avoid infection: People with MS may be more susceptible to infections, so it is important to take precautions to avoid illness, such as washing your hands regularly and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
  • Manage stress: Stress can worsen symptoms of MS, so it is important to find ways to manage stress, such as through relaxation techniques, exercise, or counseling.
  • Seek support: It can be helpful to seek support from friends, family, and support groups to help manage the challenges of living with MS.

Can I treat my Multiple sclerosis with medical marijuana in New York?

In New York, medical marijuana is legally available for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). The New York State Medical Marijuana Program allows individuals with MS to use medical marijuana to manage symptoms such as spasticity and neuropathic pain.

To qualify for a medical marijuana card in New York, individuals must be diagnosed with a qualifying condition and have a certification from a registered medical practitioner. Qualifying conditions include chronic pain, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and several other conditions.

It is important to note that medical marijuana is only available through the New York State Medical Marijuana Program and is not available through other means. It is also important to discuss the use of medical marijuana with a healthcare provider to determine if it is appropriate for you and to receive proper guidance on its use.


Even if your condition is not listed in this article, you might still get the medical marijuana card, provided you are recommended by a registered marijuana physician in New York. However, if you are experiencing any life-threatening medical condition or adverse effects of medical marijuana, you should not hesitate to contact the emergency service.

Note: This article’s content is provided for educational purposes only. This information is not intended to serve as a substitute for professional legal or medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or queries regarding laws, regulations, or your health, you should always consult a lawyer, physician, or other licensed practitioner.